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Decentralization and Community Forestry: Main Approaches and Their Implications in the Lowlands of Bolivia

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Pacheco, Pablo; Pacheco, Diego
Conference: The Commons in an Age of Global Transition: Challenges, Risks and Opportunities, the Tenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Oaxaca, Mexico
Conf. Date: August 9-13
Date: 2004
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/1119
Sector: Forestry
Region: South America
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources
community forestry
decentralization
forest management
institutional change
property rights
indigenous institutions
state and local governance
Abstract: "This paper reviews different contemporary paradigms of forest governance ranging from those arguing to maintain central command and others favoring the emergence of local autonomies. In between of these extremes fall some positions such as the one prone to building a more democratic decentralization, and the other favoring a polycentric system of governance. This paper argues that the different positions may claim that their assumptions are being supported by the Bolivian experience, country in which the most significant experience of decentralization is underway. Consequently, this paper proposes an intermediate solution by which public system of government, and other forms of local government should be articulated, and functions distributed according to population choices. This may lead to move forward the process of decentralization, though favoring more flexible and adaptive institutional solutions across different levels of government."

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