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'Gear Conflicts' and Changing Seascapes in Batanes, Philippines

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Mangahas, Maria
Conference: Survival of the Commons: Mounting Challenges and New Realities, the Eleventh Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bali, Indonesia
Conf. Date: June 19-23, 2006
Date: 2006
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/1379
Sector: Fisheries
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): IASC
fisheries
conflict
technology
Abstract: "Documents reveal that in recent times some of the most prominent conflicts in fishing on Batan Island (in Batanes, Philippines) stem from interest in new 'driftnet' technology for catching flying fish. On closer investigation, these in essence consist of challenges to the fishing calendar that is traditionally enforced by collectivities of fishers belonging to particular 'ports' or 'vanua'. A vanua denotes a particular landing spot, as well as a port-polity (a group of fishers that is organized, has laws and a leader), and which is ritually assembled at the beginning of the summer fishing season. Seeing 'Vanua-making' as a ritual technology aimed at collective success, what is really at issue in the conflicts between 'traditional' and new or 'modern' technologies are distinct common property regimes and opposed landscapes: a traditional notion of community and a cooperative framework for the commons on the one hand, coming into conflict with a modern view of atomized fishers and an 'open' sea on the other."

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