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Agricultural Transformation and Highlander Choice: A Case Study of a Pwo Karen Community in Northwestern Thailand

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Samata, Runako
Conference: Politics of the Commons: Articulating Development and Strengthening Local Practices
Location: Chiang Mai, Thailand
Conf. Date: July 11-14, 2003
Date: 2003
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/1809
Sector: Agriculture
Social Organization
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): IASC
Karen (Southeast Asian people)
indigenous institutions
agriculture--case studies
community development
decision making
markets
risk
technology
economic development
Abstract: "During the past several decades, the ethnic highlanders in Northern Thailand have been in general tackling the issue of agricultural transformation in the sense that they have had to continuously search for the optimum trade-off point for each of their villages between the modern competitive market-economy agriculture and traditional local self-efficiency agriculture. With this understanding, the present study focuses on (1) the impacts of national and regional development policies upon local agricultural shifts and (2) the highlander choice under their limited available resources and alternatives in agricultural activities. For this purpose, a Pwo Karen community consisting of two administratively different villages in Mae Sariang district of Mae Hong Son province is selected as the research site. In this framework, the present study investigates the highland villagers' adaptation characteristics in their agricultural transformation as a complex and continuous process which carries the internal dynamism of the community development as well as the external factors for the development promotion of their agricultural production system."

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