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The Javanese Homegarden

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Soemarwoto, Otto; Conway, Gordon
Date: 1992
Agency:
Series:
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/4070
Sector: Agriculture
Forestry
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): agroforestry
agriculture
gardens
Abstract: "One of the oldest forms of agroecosystems, the homegarden is present throughout the world. It is most highly developed on the island of Java, in Indonesia, where it typically has a very high diversity of useful plants and animals per unit area. This diversity and the intensive household care that is given to the homegarden result in a unique combination of high levels of productivity, stability, sustainability, and equitability. Compared with rice fields on Java, the homegarden has a greater diversity of production and frequently produces a higher net income. The harvest is more stable over time, the system is buffered against pests and diseases, and the effects of erosion are less severe. Also, the products of the home garden are more equitably shared among members of the household and village. In the future, the homegarden will be a viable alternative to monocropped field agriculture. It also is a highly valuable source of genetic diversity."

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