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Between Market Failure, Policy Failure and 'Community Failure': Property Rights, Crop-Livestock Conflicts and the Adoption of Sustainable Land Use Practices in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka

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dc.contributor.author Birner, Regina en_US
dc.contributor.author Gunaweera, Hasantha en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T15:13:05Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T15:13:05Z
dc.date.issued 2001 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-04-04 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-04-04 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/4125
dc.description.abstract "Using the case of the semi-arid zone of Southern Sri Lanka as an example, the paper shows that crop damages caused by grazing livestock can constitute an important obstacle to the adoption of available technologies for more sustainable land use. The paper considers crop damages as an externality problem and shows that the classical solutions to externalities-- the neo-liberal, the interventionist solution and the communitarian solution-- cannot be applied in the Sri Lankan case due to market failure, government failure and 'community failure.' The paper discusses collective action and bargaining between organized interest groups as an alternative solution and analyses the conditions which make such a solution work. The paper concludes that-- in the Sri Lankan case-- a decentralized system of government, a preferential voting system creating incentives for politicians, an institutionalized negotiation platform, and the facilitating role of intermediaries favored this solution." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries CAPRi Working Paper, no. 13 en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject livestock en_US
dc.subject conflict en_US
dc.subject arid regions en_US
dc.subject grazing en_US
dc.subject collective action en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject interest groups en_US
dc.subject externalities en_US
dc.title Between Market Failure, Policy Failure and 'Community Failure': Property Rights, Crop-Livestock Conflicts and the Adoption of Sustainable Land Use Practices in the Dry Zone of Sri Lanka en_US
dc.type Working Paper en_US
dc.publisher.workingpaperseries CGIAR System-Wide Program on Property Rights and Collective Action, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, DC en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country Sri Lanka en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.submitter.email lwisen@indiana.edu en_US


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