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Commons in Urban Industrialized Society

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dc.contributor.author Carlsson, Lars en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:29:53Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:29:53Z
dc.date.issued 1996 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-09-17 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-09-17 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/427
dc.description.abstract "Common forests are often associated with developing countries. Overpopulation, lack of technical and economic resources, deforestation and a tension between central bureaucracies and local people are significant characteristics for a great number of commons in these countries. This paper focuses on a quite different situation: the role of common forests in an industrialized country. The Swedish common forests have survived for more than one hundred years; no deforestation has been observed and the total amount of biomass is increasing. The commons are regarded by experts as well managed both in terms of efficiency and with regard to the preservation of biodiversity. Compared to other types of ownership the commons have a very special organization. The base consists of 25,000 individual shareholders with property rights in the forests. This medieval pattern of ownership seems to survive; moreover it seems to be quite prosperous within the realm of modern society with its highly competitive forest industries. This paper explains why the Swedish common forests have survived as vital and competitive actors in the timber market. Three main explanations are discussed: the commons' conscious attempts to reduce transaction costs, their general inventiveness in adjusting to changed circumstances, and their acclimatization to the logic of the negotiated economy characterized by fuzzy borders between different sectors." en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject forestry en_US
dc.subject urban commons en_US
dc.subject Workshop en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Commons in Urban Industrialized Society en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Sweden en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Urban Commons en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Voices from the Commons, the Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 5-8, 1996 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Berkeley, CA en_US
dc.submitter.email rshivakoti@yahoo.com en_US


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