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Taking A Multiple-use Approach to Meeting the Water Needs of Poor Communities brings Multiple Benefits

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Type: Working Paper
Author: Williams, Sandy; Carriger, Sarah
Date: 2006
Agency: International Water Management Institute, Colombo, Sri Lanka
Series: Water Policy Briefing, no. 18
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/4664
Sector: Social Organization
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region:
Subject(s): water resources
poverty alleviation
water management
community development
Abstract: "Single-use approaches to water development and management do not reflect the realities of poor peoples water use. People use domestic water supplies for activities such as irrigating backyard gardens, keeping livestock, fishing, processing crops and running small-scale enterprises. In areas without adequate domestic water supply, they use irrigation water to meet household needs, such as drinking and bathing, as well as to support a range of incomegenerating activities in addition to crop production. "A more integrated, multiple-use approach can maximize the health benefits and productive potential of available water supplies leading to increased incomes, improved health and reduced workloads for women and children. Systems that cater to multiple uses are also more likely to be sustainable, because users benefit more from them, have a greater stake in them, and are more willing and better able to pay for them. "Policy-makers, planners, and project designers need to enable and support a multiple-use approach by developing the necessary policies, capacities, and institutions. Incorporating provision for multiple uses into plans for meeting the Millennium Development Goals, Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers, and IWRM and water efficiency plans and strategies is a start."

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