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Managing Public Lands in a Subsistence Economy: The Perspective from a Nepali Village

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Type: Thesis or Dissertation
Author: Fox, Jefferson
Date: 1983
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/5321
Sector: Forestry
Land Tenure & Use
Social Organization
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): land tenure and use
village organization
forestry
Abstract: "Over 240 million cubic meters of soil are estimated to be eroded from the hills of Nepal annually. The human and environmental costs of this erosion are staggering. In upland areas, landslides kill humans and livestock and destroy crops; tons of fertile top soil are lost; and the water regime is seriously disrupted. In valleys and flood plains, streams are choked with sediment, raising flood stages, shortening the lifespan of dams and other water impoundments, killing fish, and degrading water quality. Geology and climate account for much of the erosion in Nepal. Yet natural erosion rates are being accelerated by man's use of these hilly lands for agriculture, animal husbandry, and forestry. The chief cause of accelerated erosion in Nepal, as in many Asian, African, and Central American nations, is the large number of people and livestock dependent on fragile hill lands for their existence. In these countries the force behind land degradation is the drive for survival."

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