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Who Pays for Wildlife Conservation in Tanzania and Who Benefits?

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Kideghesho, Jafari R.
Conference: Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons
Location: Cheltenham, England
Conf. Date: July 14-18, 2008
Date: 2008
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/587
Sector: Wildlife
Region: Africa
Subject(s): conservation
cost benefit analysis
Abstract: "The question on who pays for wildlife conservation and who benefits is insufficiently addressed. The contribution of the people sharing the land with wildlife is often overlooked. The opportunity costs they bear for the sake of conservation and the economic losses they incur as a result of property damage are barely regarded as contribution to conservation. In this paper I argue that, local people pay for wildlife conservation through the wildlife-induced costs. Yet the benefits they receive are very minimal as they barely offset the direct wildlife-induced costs or compete with returns from alternative land uses which are ecologically destructive. The huge benefits of conservation are realised by other stakeholders who do not necessarily bear the costs. This paper commences by giving a brief historical review of wildlife conservation in the country before showing how local people are involuntarily forced to pay for the resource. Further to this, the categories of stakeholders in the sector who reap the benefits from the resource are identified. The paper also analyses the current efforts by wildlife agencies to reduce the costs of living with wildlife. Flaws encountered in these efforts are presented. In conclusion, development of appropriate mechanisms is recommended in order to balance the benefits and costs with a view of justifying the existence of the resource and hence ensuring its sustainability."

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