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The Causes of Deterioration of Sundarban Mangrove Forest Ecosystem of Bangladesh: Conservation and Sustainable Management Issues

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Rahman, Mohammed M.; Rahman, M. Motiur; Islam, Kazi S.
Journal: AACL Bioflux
Volume: 3
Page(s): 77-90
Date: 2010
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/6481
Sector: Forestry
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): mangroves
sustainability
resource management
Abstract: "The Sundarban forest, located in the southwest of Bangladesh, is one of the largest continuous blocks of mangrove forests in the world. This mangrove forest ecosystem in Bangladesh is now in captious position. Negative natural and anthropogenic impacts and overexploitation of natural resources have caused severe damage to the ecosystem. Growing human population with few alternative livelihood opportunities poses a serious threat to the mangrove forest. The rapidly expanding shrimp farming industry is a significant threat to the mangrove forests of Bangladesh. Due to illegal cutting, encroachment of forest areas and illegal poaching of wildlife, the mangrove forest is losing biodiversity in an alarming rate. This forest ecosystem also has become vulnerable to pollution, which may have changed the ecosystem's biogeochemistry. Further threats arise from global climate change, especially sea level rise. This study seeks to identify the root causes of deterioration of the Sundarban mangrove forest in Bangladesh. It also recommends the application of sustainable management strategies covering needs for an advanced silvicultural system, improvement of scientific research as well as conservation measures."

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