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The Application of Ecological Theory to Human Behavior: Niche, Diversity and Optimal Foraging

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dc.contributor.author Begossi, Alpina en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:31:26Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:31:26Z
dc.date.issued 1994 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-03-03 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-03-03 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/673
dc.description.abstract "General ecological models have been useful to analyze the behavior and use of natural resources by human populations. The niche concept, described as the range of conditions in which a population lives, is useful to understand the degree of resource use by human communities. Seasonal changes in the consumption of natural resources may be detected using niche theory. Diversity indices, such as the Simpson index, are a tool to evaluate the intensity of resource use, in temporal and spatial terms. Optimal foraging theory deals with the search and choice of food. It is useful to analyze the choice of animals consumed by people including the cost(search and handling times) and benefit (calories, money) of a decision. Central place foraging is a special case of optimal foraging and may be applied to the behavior of hunters and fishers. This study is based on research carried out in Brazilian fishing communities, called caicaras, located in Atlantic Forest areas. Research includes diversity of animals and plants used and fishing strategies, especially related to the time spent in fishing grounds or patches." en_US
dc.subject human ecology en_US
dc.subject ecology--models en_US
dc.subject hunters and gatherers en_US
dc.title The Application of Ecological Theory to Human Behavior: Niche, Diversity and Optimal Foraging en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published inpress en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Seventh International Conference of the Society for Human Ecology en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates April 21-24, 1994 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Michigan State University en_US


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