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Toward a Model for Fisheries Social Impact Assessment

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Pollnac, Richard B.; Abbott-Jamieson, Susan; Smith, Courtland L.; Miller, Marc C.; Clay, Patricia M.; Oles, Brian
Journal: Marine Fisheries Review
Volume: 68
Page(s):
Date: 2006
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/6873
Sector: Fisheries
Region:
Subject(s): marine resources
impact assessment
fisheries
Abstract: "For many years experienced fisheries social scientists have discussed developing a fisheries model for social impact assessment (SIA) that would be more compatible with the approaches taken by fisheries biologists and economists when assessing potential effects of management actions. They suspected that fishery management council (FMC) members might see social impact assessments as more useful if those assessments were provided in a format analogous to fisheries economists’ and fisheries biologists’ formats. This point was given further support by Sharp and Lach’s (2003) survey of Federal and state fishery managers and decision makers in the Pacific Northwest. They were asked about their knowledge of how to incorporate the social values of fishing communities into planning and decision-making. The authors concluded that it is unlikely that community information can be used in fishery plan development or amendment processes when it is presented in a qualitative, descriptive format. Stimulated by this discussion, the Office of Science and Technology of NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service invited a group of marine fisheries social scientists with expertise in social science modeling, quantitative methods, and marine fisheries impact assessment to create a conceptual model for predicting the social impacts of fishery management action alternatives using a limited set of quantitative and qualitative indicators. The resulting model was to be suitable for social impact assessment, and it was to include a dependent measure or output that would be analogous to the economists’ use of jobs, income, or total economic output in their models. This paper presents the results of the first phase of this group’s work. Well-being was selected as the dependent measure for marine fisheries social impact assessment in this model. While this model is not the only possible approach to social impact assessment, it does open a door to a room that is closer to those currently occupied by marine fisheries economists and their biologist counterparts."

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