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Access and Benefits in Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change: Lessons from A Global Review

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dc.contributor.author Mahanty, Sanghamitra
dc.contributor.author Suich, Helen
dc.contributor.author Tacconi, Luca
dc.date.accessioned 2011-04-11T20:19:31Z
dc.date.available 2011-04-11T20:19:31Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/7228
dc.description.abstract "This paper presents findings from a recent global study that assessed the impacts of Payments for Environmental Service (PES) schemes on livelihoods, and implications for the design of incentive mechanisms for Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and forest Degradation (REDD). It focuses particularly on two key areas that are important to the local impacts of PES and REDD schemes: (i) whether tenure and wealth filter access to schemes by local resource users and managers and (ii) how the design of contracts and the configuration of payments and other benefits impact local livelihoods and the sustainability of schemes. In terms of access, the PES schemes reviewed occurred on land falling under diverse tenure arrangements, and full ownership rights were not a prerequisite for PES agreements, but the criteria for selecting the location and participants for schemes were important access determinants. The schemes did provide some benefitsto participants, for instance a small amount of additional income to participating households, and investments in community infrastructure and services where payments were made to community bodies. Payments were often well below the opportunity costs faced by participants over the life of the scheme, however, which could diminish positive impacts on local livelihoods and ultimately undermine the sustainability of such schemes. Passing on transaction and monitoring costs to participants also reduced the flow of benefits to local actors, and payment schedules often did not cover the full duration of the PES contract, which diminished the likely sustainability and conditionality of the schemes. Such factors will have to be clearly addressed in the design of REDD schemes." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject forests en_US
dc.subject environmental services en_US
dc.subject REDD en_US
dc.subject livelihoods en_US
dc.title Access and Benefits in Payments for Environmental Services, Forest Conservation and Climate Change: Lessons from A Global Review en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Sustaining Commons: Sustaining Our Future, the Thirteenth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of the Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates January 10-14 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Hyderabad, India en_US

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