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Why Diverse Common Property Access Regimes Co-exist and Transform? Evidence from an Ecologically Fragile Region of the Himalayas

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dc.contributor.author Sarkar, Rinki en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:31:55Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:31:55Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-18 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-18 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/742
dc.description.abstract "This paper assesses the outcomes of diverse common property resource regimes which co-exist but transform with changing contextual parameters in the socio-economic and ecological domain. The study is based on 'ground-truthing' evidence gathered through periodic field studies, over the last decade, in villages located above 1900 meters in the Western Himalayas. The locals inhabiting this ecologically fragile belt have always been heavily dependent on natural resources in the surrounding vicinity. They devised immaculate ways of adapting to resource constraints for sustaining livelihood related activities. These production systems have had reverberating implications in the social and cultural arena where a high degree of cooperation and collective action has been observed through effective village level authority structures under the surveillance of 'personified' local deities. However, over the years, the region has become economically buoyant due to improvements in accessibility as well as government policies and programs that have led to a marked improvement in the economic wellbeing of the local population. New forms of local governance mechanisms have evolved for accessing and using the more commercially viable village common resources in response to changed needs and volatile circumstances. The environmental outcomes of these demand-driven resource regimes have not always been desirable. Meanwhile, these trends have also enhanced preference for sedentary living which seems to be exerting anthropogenic pressure on open-access common property resources. "The study reveals that in all cases, in the past and in the present, and wherever evident, the locals have been formulating resource-use norms essentially for allocating benefits from resource use across the community by focusing on immediate needs and shortterm gains. They seem to be oblivious of the long-term ecological implications of their actions. This empirical exercise therefore concludes that common property resource regimes have invariably been framed to resolve 'allocation' problems or have evolved in response to resource-scarcity and have paid less heed to issues related to 'long run resource conservation.' Template policies for decentralized management of natural resources need to be re-evaluated under these circumstances." en_US
dc.subject transitional economics en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject Himalayas en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Why Diverse Common Property Access Regimes Co-exist and Transform? Evidence from an Ecologically Fragile Region of the Himalayas en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US

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