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Underground Thermal Energy Storage: Environmental Risks and Policy Developments in the Netherlands and European Union

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dc.contributor.author Bonte, Matthijs
dc.contributor.author Stuyfzand, Pieter J.
dc.contributor.author Hulsmann, Adriana
dc.contributor.author Van Beelen, Patrick
dc.date.accessioned 2011-07-11T18:06:52Z
dc.date.available 2011-07-11T18:06:52Z
dc.date.issued 2011 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/7465
dc.description.abstract "We present an overview of the risks that underground thermal energy storage (UTES) can impose on the groundwater system, drinking water production, and the subsurface environment in general. We describe existing policy and licensing arrangements for UTES in the Netherlands, as well as the capability of the current and future Dutch policy and legal framework to minimize or mitigate risks from UTES on groundwater resources. A survey at the European Union member state level indicates that regulation and research on the potential impacts of UTES on groundwater resources and the subsurface environment often lag behind the technological development of and ever-growing demand for this renewable energy source. The lack of a clear and scientifically underpinned risk management strategy implies that potentially unwanted risks might be taken at vulnerable locations such as near well fields used for drinking water production, whereas at other sites, the application of UTES is avoided without proper reasons. This means that the sustainability of UTES as a form of renewable energy is currently not fully understood, and the technology may be compromising the natural resilience of the subsurface environment. We recognize three main issues that should be addressed to secure sustainable application of UTES: Scientific research is required to further elucidate the impacts of UTES on groundwater; cross-sectoral subsurface planning is required to minimize negative conflicts between UTES and other subsurface interests; and EU-wide guidelines and standards are required for quality assurance and control when installing UTES systems." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject groundwater en_US
dc.subject water quality en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.title Underground Thermal Energy Storage: Environmental Risks and Policy Developments in the Netherlands and European Union en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Europe en_US
dc.coverage.country Netherlands en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.subject.sector Water Resource & Irrigation en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 16 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 1 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth March en_US


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