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Japanese Water Management Systems from an Economic Perspective: The Agricultural Sector

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Kobayashi, Hiroaki
Conference: OECD Workshop on Agriculture and Water
Location: Australia
Conf. Date: November 14-18
Date: 2005
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/8017
Sector: Agriculture
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): water resources
resource management
irrigation
agriculture
property rights
water users' associations
Abstract: "Japanese water management is characterized as that of a property rights regime. Several instruments have had decisive roles in improving economic efficiencies, securing effective and equitable cost recoveries, and abating conflicts between non-agricultural sectors, under the legislative framework that prohibits explicit trading in water rights. Each LID, voluntary farmers' group is entitled with water rights and is responsible for the management of its irrigation water. More than the marginal cost recovery is secured and effective water use is expected at the same time. The area pricing commonly applied in the LID management is supported taking into considerations the technical aspects and transaction costs. The LIDs, in some cases, conserve watershed areas for the purpose of stable water flow to be extracted. Facing the occasions of serious water shortage the government provides quasi-markets in water realizing intersectoral transfers between non-agricultural sectors, and among LIDs, to improve economic efficiencies. Serious water shortages take place only once every ten years on average, in limited areas and during limited periods. The community-like decision making of water allocation in the quasi-markets would help to abate the social conflicts. The permanent transfer of water rights is also managed. The Japanese systems of agricultural water management could be leading examples for developing countries under the monsoon climate, where small holdings of paddy field agriculture dominate."

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