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National Parks as Common Pool Resources: Scale, Equity and Community

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Adams, William M.
Conference: The Commons in an Age of Globalisation, the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe
Conf. Date: June 17-21, 2002
Date: 2002
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/902
Sector: Social Organization
Forestry
Region:
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources--analysis
parks
resource management--policy
property rights
sustainability
equity
institutional design
Abstract: "Conflicts between parks and people can be understood in terms of different ideas about the spatial scale at which these resources should be considered to be common. The reservation of land by the state in National Parks represents an assumption of common interests at the national scale, but also reflect international (global) interests in biodiversity. Local resource use is conventionally prevented. This paper will provide a framework for analysing different kinds of use values (direct consumptive and non-consumptive use, indirect use and non-use values) of the species and ecosystems contained within national parks at local, national and international scale. It argues that the establishment of a property regime that excludes local consumptive use, and local resource users, is likely to persist as inequitable. Failure to balance resource uses between actors at different scales is a threat to the sustainability of protected area policy. New institutions are needed that link actors across scales (from global to local), and which link the enlarged community for whom the biodiversity resource is held in common."

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