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Adding Environment to the Collective Action Problem: Individuals, Civil Society, and the Mangrove-Fishery Commons in Ecuador

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Beitl, Christine
Journal: World Development
Volume: 56
Page(s): 93-107
Date: 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9171
Sector: Fisheries
Region: South America
Subject(s): research
fisheries
collective action
commons
environment
Abstract: "Research on the commons suggests a more robust understanding of human-resource interactions is needed to strengthen theories about collective action and sustainable governance. I combine ethnographic and fishery data to explore how resource characteristics and institutions influence people’s behavior toward common pool resources in coastal Ecuador. This comparative study of the commons at two levels (mangroves and the cockle fishery) highlights how trust, communication, and social obligation depend on social histories of resource systems and types of collective action problems, largely explaining why local institutions encourage individuals to uphold mangrove forest conservation but have little effect on cooperation in fisheries."

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