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2013 Household Questionnaire: Snowmelt Dependent Systems in the United States and Kenya

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Type: Survey
Author: Evans, Tom; McCord, Paul; Dell'Angelo, Jampel
Date: 2013
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9385
Sector: Agriculture
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Africa
North America
Subject(s): human-environment interaction--assessment
socio-hydrology
water management
irrigation
scarcity
Abstract: "Within water-scarce environments, household characteristics such as family size, income, dependence on markets, and influence of external agents, among others, interact with the biophysical environment to produce socio-hydrological outcomes. Livelihood decisions and outcomes not only are dependent on socio-economic factors such as proximity of employment sources and the number of individuals to tend to farming operations, they are also tied to periodicity of rainfall and the reliability of surface water to maintain livelihood operations. As a result, an understanding of both social and biophysical characteristics is essential when examining coupled outcomes within water-scarce environments. In the Mount Kenya region, livelihoods are heavily dependent on the availability of water, whether through rainfall or surface water. To manage this essential resource, irrigation projects have been established on the western and north-western slopes of the mountain. The management committees of these irrigation projects determine water availability during seasonal dry periods, enforce penalties for water misuse, make repairs to damaged infrastructure, and collect membership and maintenance fees. The ability of the irrigation projects to reliably deliver is essential in determining the agricultural performance of the member households. The 2013 household questionnaire was designed to understand household characteristics, seasonal water availability, irrigation project management, and, most importantly, how these forces combine to create socio-hydrological outcomes. Such outcomes include household food security, agricultural sustainability, and appropriate water use. The 2013 household survey was administered within twenty-five irrigation projects to over 750 households on the western and north-western slopes of Mount Kenya to capture a range of socio-hydrological outcomes.

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