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2013 Management Committee Questionnaire: Snowmelt Dependent Systems in the United States and Kenya

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Type: Survey
Author: Evans, Tom; Dell'Angelo, Jampel; McCord, Paul
Date: 2013
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9413
Sector: Agriculture
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Africa
Subject(s): human-environment interaction
socio-hydrology
water management
scarcity
irrigation
Abstract: "Within water-scarce environments, household characteristics such as family size, income, dependence on markets, and influence of external agents, among others, interact with the biophysical environment to produce socio-hydrological outcomes. Livelihood decisions and outcomes not only are dependent on socio-economic factors such as proximity of employment sources and the number of individuals to tend to farming operations, they are also tied to periodicity of rainfall and the reliability of surface water to maintain livelihood operations. As a result, an understanding of both social and biophysical characteristics is essential when examining coupled outcomes within water-scarce environments. In the Mount Kenya region, livelihoods are heavily dependent on the availability of water, whether through rainfall or surface water. To manage this essential resource, irrigation projects have been established on the western and north-western slopes of the mountain. The management committees of these irrigation projects determine water availability during seasonal dry periods, enforce penalties for water misuse, make repairs to damaged infrastructure, and collect membership and maintenance fees. The ability of the irrigation projects to reliably deliver water is essential in determining the agricultural performance of the member households. The 2013 management committee questionnaire was administered to the management committee of each irrigation project. Management committees typically consist of a chairperson, vice-chairperson, treasurer, secretary, and representatives from the separate irrigation lines within the project. The survey was primarily designed to understand attributes of the irrigation project that were better addressed in a group setting. This included questions regarding the cost of membership, the monthly rate to maintain membership, the age of the irrigation project, the number of days per month that project members irrigate their fields, and the topics that are typically discussed during irrigation project meetings. The 2013 management committee survey was administered within twenty-five irrigation projects on the western and north-western slopes of Mount Kenya."

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