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Tackling the Motivation to Monitor: Success and Sustainability of a Participatory Monitoring Program

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Singh, Navinder J.; Danell, Kjell; Edenius, Lars; Ericsson, Göran
Journal: Ecology and Society
Volume: 19
Page(s):
Date: 2014
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9657
Sector: Wildlife
Region: Europe
Subject(s): efficiency
moose
wildlife
Abstract: "Monitoring of species and their ecosystem attributes is a fundamental requirement in applied ecology and conservation. However, landscape scale monitoring requires an immense effort and commitment, especially when species have a wide distribution or are migratory in nature. Participatory monitoring, whereby local communities are engaged, is increasingly being proposed to address landscape scale monitoring. Its implementation is met with many challenges related to finances, motivation of the local people, lack of trained manpower, and nondirect legal use of the species in question. It is of interest to determine what makes a participatory monitoring program interesting for locals to ensure their long term engagement. Using the unique 26-year program of hunters’ observations of moose (Alces alces) in Sweden as a case study, we present the evolution of this highly successful participatory monitoring program and show that tackling the motivation to monitor, early involvement of local NGOs, social activities revolving around use of the resource, the biology and economic value of the species, and technical and practical aspects related to the monitoring, together create a successful participatory monitoring program. When users benefit directly from the resource, participate in conservation/management decision making, socialize with other participants, and get rewards for their commitment and effective monitoring, participatory monitoring schemes can then become rewarding and sustainable."

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