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The Challenges of Maintaining Indigenous Ecological Knowledge

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dc.contributor.author McCarter, Joe
dc.contributor.author Gavin, Michael C.
dc.contributor.author Baereleo, Sue
dc.contributor.author Love, Mark
dc.date.accessioned 2015-03-30T18:39:55Z
dc.date.available 2015-03-30T18:39:55Z
dc.date.issued 2014 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10535/9677
dc.description.abstract "Increased interest in indigenous ecological knowledge (IEK) has led to concern that it is vulnerable amidst social and ecological change. In response, multiple authors have recommended the establishment of programs for the maintenance and revitalization of IEK systems. However, few studies have analyzed the methods, opportunities, and challenges of these programs. This is a critical gap, as IEK maintenance is challenging and will require layered and evidence-based solutions. We seek to build a foundation for future approaches to IEK maintenance. First, we present a systematic literature review of IEK maintenance programs (n = 39) and discuss the opportunities and challenges inherent in five broad groups of published approaches. Second, we use two case studies from the Republic of Vanuatu to illustrate these challenges in more depth. The first case study takes a community-based approach, which has inherent strengths (e.g., localized organization). It has, however, faced practical (e.g., funding) and epistemological (changing modes of knowledge transmission) challenges. The second case study seeks to facilitate IEK transmission within the formal school system. Although this model has potential, it has faced significant challenges (e.g., lack of institutional linkages). We conclude that supporting and strengthening IEK is important but that serious attention is needed to account for the social, situated, and dynamic nature of IEK. In closing, we use the review and case studies to propose four principles that may guide adaptive and flexible approaches for the future maintenance of IEK systems." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject traditional knowledge en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject culture en_US
dc.title The Challenges of Maintaining Indigenous Ecological Knowledge en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Pacific and Australia en_US
dc.coverage.country Vanatu en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal Ecology and Society en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 19 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 3 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth September en_US


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