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Forced Environmental Migration and International Refugee Law: A Critical Review

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Arnaud, Virginie
Conference: International Colloquium on Social Sciences
Location: Paris
Conf. Date: May 18, 2016
Date: 2016
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10031
Sector: Social Organization
Subject(s): migration
Abstract: "The main purpose of this paper is to present the current state of research concerning protection on environmental migrants. The legal context of forced environmental migrations becomes and issue researched for more than thirty years. According to the most common understanding, the term 'forced environmental migrant' referring to people are forced to leave their homelands due to sudden or/and long-term changes to their local environment (habitat) which compromise their well being or secure livelihood, such changes are held to include increased drought, desertification, sea level rise, seasonal weather patterns and industrial accidents. The vast majority of such categories of mobility is in fact internal phenomenon observed in developing countries. The issue of forced environmental migration caught attention scholars dealing with international law and international human rights law for more than twenty years. Environmental migrations constitute important issue for scholars dealing with international law and development studies. I will draw attention to the evolution of approach to environmental migrations on the basis of international human rights law. I will also present the most recognized definitions of his issue from 1985 to this date. In concluding remarks I will drew attention to the current and future challenges associated with this issue."

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