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Enclosing the Commons: Reasons for the Adoption and Adaptation of Enclosures in the Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands of Chepareria, Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Wairore, John N.
dc.contributor.author Mureithi, Stephen M.
dc.contributor.author Wasonga, Oliver V.
dc.contributor.author Nyberg, Gert
dc.date.accessioned 2016-10-04T15:11:39Z
dc.date.available 2016-10-04T15:11:39Z
dc.date.issued 2015 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10131
dc.description.abstract "The adoption and adaptation of enclosures in the arid and semi-arid rangelands of sub-Saharan Africa is driven and sustained by a combination of factors. However, reviews indicate that these factors cannot be generalized, as they tend to be case specific. A study was therefore conducted to explore the history and reasons for enclosure establishment in Chepareria, a formerly degraded communal rangeland in north-western Kenya. While Vi-Agroforestry Organization accounting for 52.5 % was the main source of knowledge on enclosure establishment; it has now emerged that rangeland enclosures among the Pokot pastoral community existed prior to land management interventions by Vi- Agroforestry. Results indicated that there are three categories of enclosures which were established for boundary demarcation, provide grazing reserves, enable proper land management, facilitate crop cultivation in a pastoral setup and to curb land degradation. The role of self-trigger [accounting for most of the spontaneous enclosures (73.5 %)] indicates the continued establishment and expansion of areas under enclosure management as private land ownership accounting for 51.7 % of enclosure tenure continues to gain momentum in Chepareria. While rangeland enclosures in Chepareria were mainly established for boundary demarcation, to alleviate pasture scarcity and enable proper management of formerly degraded areas; they have facilitated land restoration and rehabilitation by increasing flexibility in land, fodder and livestock management amongst agro-pastoralists in Chepareria over the last three decades. To ensure that rehabilitated areas do not revert to their previously degraded state; technical interventions are needed to allow for a more intensive use of rangeland resources within enclosed areas." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.title Enclosing the Commons: Reasons for the Adoption and Adaptation of Enclosures in the Arid and Semi-Arid Rangelands of Chepareria, Kenya en_US
dc.type Journal Article en_US
dc.type.published published en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Kenya en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationjournal SpringerPlus en_US
dc.identifier.citationvolume 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationnumber 595 en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth October en_US

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