Image Database Export Citations


Do Black Politicians Matter?

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author Logan, Trevon D.
dc.date.accessioned 2017-12-11T16:13:31Z
dc.date.available 2017-12-11T16:13:31Z
dc.date.issued 2017 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/10325
dc.description.abstract "This paper exploits the unique history of Reconstruction after the American Civil War to estimate the causal effect of politician race on public fi nance. Drawing on an extensive review of the historical literature, I overcome the endogeneity between black political leadership and local political preferences, demographics, economic conditions, and political competition using the number of free blacks in the antebellum era (1860) as an instrumental variable (IV) for black political leaders during Reconstruction (1867-1877). While the instrument is well correlated with the number of black officials, I show that it is not related to electoral outcomes, the tenure of black elected officials, nor political competition and voter education campaigns during the Reconstruction era. IV estimates show that a one standard deviation increase in the number of black officials in a Southern county increased per capita county tax revenue by 0.62 standard deviations, a sizable effect. At the end of Reconstruction, however, the effect of black politicians entirely reverses| the same increase (which, after Reconstruction, is a decrease) in black politicians decreases per capita county tax revenue (1880-1870) by 0.86 standard deviations. Finally, I investigate whether the results are consistent with the policy objectives of black political leaders during Reconstruction, where black officials favored higher taxes to establish public education and initiate land reform. While I fi nd no effects of black politicians on land redistribution, estimates show that exposure to black politicians during school age increased black literacy more than 6% and decreased the black-white literacy gap by more than 7%. These results suggest that black political success during Reconstruction is an omitted factor in black human capital acquisition after the Civil War." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject race en_US
dc.subject finance en_US
dc.subject education en_US
dc.subject politics en_US
dc.title Do Black Politicians Matter? en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.type.methodology Case Study en_US
dc.subject.sector History en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Political Institutions and Economic Policy en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 13 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Ostrom Workshop, IU Bloomington en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
Logan_politicians_04-17-17.pdf 793.2Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record