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Self-organization Phenomena of Land Governance in Rural China: The Induction and Evaluation based on Multi-cases

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Zhou, Tianxiao; Tan, Rong
Conference: Practicing the Commons: Self-Governance, Cooperation and Institutional Change
Location: Utrecht, the Netherlands
Conf. Date: 10-14 July
Date: 2017
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/10356
Sector: Land Tenure & Use
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): governance
collective action
Abstract: "In recent years, in order to use collective land more efficiency and realize village economy and society development, some villages in China reached collective action of land governance, appearing the phenomena of self-organization. The paper aims to analyze this governance structure in the background of new countryside construction in China. The effect of capable people and principles of collective action shared by households in rural communities are the core characteristics of self-organization. The effect of capable people consists of entrepreneurial spirit and resources access capacity. The principles of collective action include governance cost sharing, allocation on demand and benefit sharing, graduated sanction and monitoring. We choose two village cases in Eastern China and a village case in Western China to show how the community members are self-organized in land affairs. In decision-making of collectively-owned land, the capable people often play an important role as rural entrepreneurs. And in distribution and utilization of rural residential land (zhaijidi), equitable distribution and graduation principle seem to be more important. Further, we develop a set of evaluation criteria, and make a simple evaluation on performance of self-organized structure. The paper may provide some evidence from China for achieving collective action in the field of rural land governance."

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