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Socio-Economic Marginalization of the Indigenous Betawinese Farmer in Jakarta

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Prabowo, Hendro
Conference: Survival of the Commons: Mounting Challenges and New Realities, the Eleventh Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bali, Indonesia
Conf. Date: June 19-23, 2006
Date: 2006
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1137
Sector: Social Organization
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): IASC
indigenous institutions
Abstract: "Betawinese is an ethnic group and the native population of Jakarta. This ethnic was born about 1815-1893 as a fusion of many ethnic groups who live together in Jakarta, like Sundanese, Javanese, Arabic, Balinese, Sumbawanese, Ambonese, Chinese and Malay. Shahab (2000) distinguished the Betawinese into four category, they were Central Betawinese, Villagers Betawinese, Coastal Betawinese, and Suburban Betawinese. "Nowadays, as a capital city after the independent of Indonesia, there was migration from other regions to Jakarta. This migration effects to the indigenous Betawinese into minority. Even, the Betawinese was a second highest population growth of Indonesia (2.34%), Javanese was the highest population in Jakarta (35.1%6) and more than Betawinese (27.65%) and Sundanese (15.27%) (Suryadinata et al, 2003). "The rapid development and migration, in fact, demolished the native Betawinese to suburban and even outside of Jakarta. Only a few enclave Betawinese communities or kampongs existed today. Unfortunately, the Betawinese farmer exploits a limited resource for their livelihood. They also worked on the land that owned by the migrant. "The paper analyzed socio-economic marginalization of the Betawinese in Jakarta as an impact of the migration, urban sprawl and the modernization of Jakarta. The research has been done in two regions: Sawangan represented Betawinese Villagers and Teluk Naga represented Coastal Betawinese."

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