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Ancestral Domain, Cultural Identity and Self-Determination: The Case of the Lumads

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Duhaylungsod, Levita
Conference: Common Property in Ecosystems Under Stress, the Fourth Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Philippines
Conf. Date: June 16-19, 1993
Date: 1993
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1181
Sector: Forestry
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): indigenous institutions
land tenure and use
common pool resources
Abstract: "Historically marginalized and neglected, indigenous peoples like the Bagobos and the T'boli have come under renewed assaults as resource competition for 'development' expands in the Philippines. Due to twisted legal intervention, their land and resources have been placed under domination of the State. The dual forces of state-building and capitalism have encapsulated the T'boli and the Bagobo, and other indigenous peoples in Mindanao, resulting in a conflict which can be traced to the incompatibility of social systems (indigenous peoples' cultures and the state) and differing modes of production (kinship and capitalist). "The Philippines is a society that is not only marked by class, regional and urban-rural stratification but also significantly by a sociocultural plurality and its acknowledgment is essential in understanding why indigenous peoples are resisting expropriation of their homelands. To development in the Philippines and elsewhere across the globe. Ethnic-cultural issues are as fundamental as the economic issue. They are, in fact, inseparably linked. Ethnicity is not a reactionary process but an assertion of a historically-based cultural identity system."

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