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Aruma Fiber: Use and Management of Ischnosiphon Polyphyllus (Marantaceae) by Artisians in Novo Airao, Rio Negro, Central Amazon, Brazil

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Nakazono, Erika M.; dos Santos, Carlito Freitas; Barbosa, Moises Jesus
Conference: The Commons in an Age of Globalisation, the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe
Conf. Date: June 17-21, 2002
Date: 2002
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1300
Sector: Social Organization
Region: South America
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources
indigenous institutions
forest products
Amazon River region
Abstract: "The aruma vegetable fiber, genus Ischnosiphon (Marantaceae), is used by various riverside and indigenous populations in the Amazon region of Brazil in the fabrication of objects used in the cultivation of manioc such as various types of baskets, strainers, fans, and presses for manioc (FOIRN / ISA 2000; McCann 1993; Projeto Fibrarte 2000). Some of these objects, through the creation of handicrafts made with aruma, also represent an important alternative source of income for the communities of the Amazon region and are indispensable in the subsistence economy of the Baniwa indigenous group of the Icana river ( Projeto Fibrarte 2000; Shepard et al. 2001). "For this paper Ischnosiphon polyphyllus, a species of aruma which grows in flooded areas, was studied. This herbaceous, medium-sized plant, which can reach a stem height of seven meters (Nakazono 2000), is found in the Negro river basin from the upper Orinoco river, along the length of the Amazon river to the mouth in the Atlantic Ocean (Anderson, 1977)."

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