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Resilience and the Co-Evolution of Ecosystems and Institutions

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dc.contributor.author Folke, Carl en_US
dc.contributor.author Berkes, Fikret en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:36:12Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:36:12Z
dc.date.issued 1995 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-21 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2007-08-21 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1357
dc.description.abstract "Resilience is the ability of a system to cope with change without collapsing. It is the capacity to absorb external perturbations, by actively adapting to an ever changing environment. Reduction in resilience means that vulnerability increases, with the risk that the whole system flips from one equilibrium state to another. Such flips are often a consequence of the misuse of the environment and the inertia of institutions to change. Smaller unpredictable perturbations that previously could be handled turn into major crises when extreme events intersect with internally generated vulnerability due to loss of resilience. To avoid such situations there is a need for institutions with the ability to respond to and manage environmental feedbacks, institutions that can cope with unpredictable perturbations before they accumulate and challenge the existence of the whole social-ecological system. This implies that it is not enough to only understand the institution in question. The dynamics of the ecosystems that form the biophysical precondition for the existence of the institution need to be taken into account as well. This study focuses on the linked social-ecological system, and its dynamic interrelationships. We regard it as one system with its social and ecological components co-evolving over time. It is in this context that we study traditional and newly-emergent social-ecological systems. We are analyzing 1) how the local social system has adapted to and developed a knowledge system for dealing with the dynamics of the ecosystem(s) including the resources and services that it generates, 2) specifically, how the local system maintains ecosystem resilience in the face of perturbations, and 3) those combinations of property rights arrangements, institutions, and knowledge systems which accomplish the above successfully. Examples will be presented from the Cree Indians of the Canadian eastern subartic and their resource management, and pastoral herders and rangeland management in semi-arid Africa." en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject Cree (North American people) en_US
dc.subject herders en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.subject evolution en_US
dc.subject resilience en_US
dc.subject adaptive systems en_US
dc.title Resilience and the Co-Evolution of Ecosystems and Institutions en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Canada en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Reinventing the Commons, the Fifth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 24-28, 1995 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bodoe, Norway en_US
dc.submitter.email aurasova@indiana.edu en_US

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