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Conditions of Emergence and Change of Resource-Specific Institutions. Experiences with Forest Regimes in Europe

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Kissling-Näf, Ingrid; Bisang, Kurt
Conference: Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bloomington, Indiana, USA
Conf. Date: May 31-June 4
Date: 2000
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1419
Sector: Forestry
Region: Europe
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources
institutional change
forest management
institutional analysis
Abstract: "As more and more natural resources are facing competitive uses, increasing scarcity, and destruction, information on the generation and alteration of resource-specific institutions seems to be crucial for a sustainable management of a resource. Therefore our paper focuses on developing hypotheses about the conditions of emergence and change of resource-specific institutions. Recent changes in the institutions of national forest regimes of selected European countries and especially economies in transition will be taken as empirical examples. "First, we will point out some possible factors in influencing institutional change, mainly the increased use or scarcity of a resource, changes in the structures of users, and the political context. Then, we are going to describe both these factors and the forest regimes of some selected Eastern and Western European countries, particularly showing which institutions recently changed or emerged. A comparison of the possibly influencing factors and the changed or emerged institutions will help to develop a model of the conditions of emergence and change of resource- specific institutions which later could be tested for other resources than forests as well. "The paper will both take into account current findings of a larger research project on the generation and impacts of institutional resource regimes in Switzerland (Swiss National Science Foundation) and ongoing research and lecturing at the Chair of Forest Policy and Economy (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zürich)."

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