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Legal and Planning Methodology for African Commons: Reviewing Rangeland Governance in Kenya

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dc.contributor.author Kibugi, Robert en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:36:45Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:36:45Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-24 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-10-24 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1434
dc.description.abstract "Rangelands in Kenya lie within the arid and semi-arid lands (ASALs) with low and erratic amounts of rainfall and harsh environmental conditions. Traditionally inhabited by pastoral communities, livestock keeping is the main source of livelihood supported by this environment. These communities have age old ecological and land use practices that have ensured that pastoralism works for them. They practiced common property traditions to share resources, providing options for both dry and wet season grazing and food contingencies. "Following Garett Hardins now discredited <i>Tragedy of the Commons </i>postulate, the Kenya Colonial Government declared these practices archaic, pushing for individualization of tenure, and agriculture. This policy, adopted in independent Kenya led to 'Group Ranches' an attempt at fusing common property and private ownership of land. The outcome has been disastrous, with most ranches sub-divided, resulting in expropriation of the African commons. Now there is evidence that due to the ecological dictates of ASALs, the pastoral communities are re-establishing an informal system of commons. "We examine whether the management of African rangelands as common property is inimical to sustainable utilization. Our thesis is that expropriation of the African Commons into private property was based upon a wrong premise. Taking a deconstructive theoretical approach, we examine theories, principles, and historical developments that informed these actions. We propose a legal-policy and planning methodology to safeguard the African commons as embodied by the Kenyan Rangelands. These include options for rangeland governance among them corporate legal personality for communities to facilitate common ownership, legal re-classification of the commons for transfer and sub-division<i>, </i>equity, codification of customary law, and dismantling of patriarchy. We further propose a planning methodology that will guide ecological governance and ensure compatible land use, as well as an overall institutional framework. The aim is governing African Commons for sustainable development of rangeland communities." en_US
dc.subject rangelands en_US
dc.subject livestock en_US
dc.subject pastoralism en_US
dc.subject governance and politics en_US
dc.title Legal and Planning Methodology for African Commons: Reviewing Rangeland Governance in Kenya en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Kenya en_US
dc.subject.sector Grazing en_US
dc.subject.sector Social Organization en_US
dc.identifier.citationmonth July en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US
dc.submitter.email elsa_jin@yahoo.com en_US

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