Image Database Export Citations


Adjusting to Change: The Dynamics of a Local Management Establishment in the Amazon

Show simple item record

dc.contributor.author de Castro, Fábio en_US
dc.contributor.author McGrath, David en_US
dc.contributor.author Crossa, Marcelo en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:36:55Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:36:55Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1452
dc.description.abstract "The focus on local management systems as dynamic institutions that evolve through time is fundamental to understand how users respond to environmental change in order to adjust to new scenarios, and how those responses are consonant with social and ecological systems. In this regard, recently-established local management systems are live laboratories to comprehend under what circumstances local management systems can take place, and how are the internal dynamics of users in the learning process of adjusting their resource use practices in the early stages of such institutions. "This paper discusses the local management of lake that emerged in the 1960s in the Amazon Basin--the fishing accord. In focuses on one case study, covering a 30-year time frame--15-years prior (1970-1985) and 15-years after (1985-2000) its establishment. This fishing accord encompasses two major rules: 1) to refrain gillnet fishing, and 2) to restrict commercial fishing to six months (June through November), and to a few fish species-- catfish and pirarucu (relatively sedentary species with high market value). Dataset combine interviews, fish landing statistics in two time periods (1992-1993 and 1996-1997), fishing accord document, and participant observation at community meetings. "Ethnohistorical data show that the decrease of lake productivity was a major factor in the establishment of the fishing accord, and recent fish landing statistics show that fishing productivity has steadily increased after the establishment of the local management. The fishing accord has constantly been adjusted in order to address ecological (lake productivity) and social issues (internal conflicts and conflicts with outsiders). Problems related to misunderstanding and social heterogeneities within the group have been solved through verbal agreement, while problems related to constant rule breaking, and to threat to lake productivity have been solved by adding new rules. In particular, the rapid recovery of pirarucu fishing productivity after five years of the fishing accord establishment has enabled local residents to rely upon this fishery as one of their major economic source. On the other hand, the increased fishing pressure on pirarucu recently started to threaten the sustainability of this fishery, leading the users to discuss new regulations regarding this activity. Besides the local organization, the increasing involvement of NGOs, GOs and grassroots in this community-based management has started another phase in adapting the rules into a larger policy framework that is legally consistent and supported by scientific knowledge. "The paper discusses the early process of establishing and adjusting local management to ecological and social systems according to new demands raised from constant environmental change both at the local and regional levels. The role of ecological features of the lake system, of the social features of the users, and of the increasing involvement of external agents in the consolidation of this local management system are discussed. "We conclude that ability of the users to respond rapidly to environmental change, combined with the ecological features allowing rapid productivity recovery were major supporting factors in the success of this local management to date." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject fisheries en_US
dc.subject rules en_US
dc.subject resource management en_US
dc.subject local participatory management en_US
dc.subject CBRM en_US
dc.subject Amazon River region en_US
dc.title Adjusting to Change: The Dynamics of a Local Management Establishment in the Amazon en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.subject.sector Fisheries en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

Files in this item

Files Size Format View
castrof041100.pdf 132.1Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following document type(s)

Show simple item record