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Multiparty Democracy and Wildlife: Rules, Animals and Patronage in Zambia, 1964-1972

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dc.contributor.author Gibson, Clark C. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:37:09Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:37:09Z
dc.date.issued 1994 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-05-12 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2009-05-12 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1484
dc.description.abstract "In this paper, I explain why the UNIP government failed to follow its own preindependence calls for giving Zambians citizens greater access to wildlife resources. More importantly, I explain how UNIP survived this widely unpopular stance in a multiparty system with a universal franchise. I argue that the structure of Zambia's political institutions created incentives for the ruling party to ignore the electorate's desire for greater hunting. First, President Kaunda, who held considerable power over party policy, favored a strong conservation policy. Second, electoral and party rules did not reward those parliamentarians who represented their constituents' call for greater access to wild animals. Rather, the rules punished members of UNIP - the dominant party -- for opposing Kaunda and UNIP's Central Committee. Thus, MPs followed President Kaunda's preference for strong wildlife conservation and did not represent voters' desires. Third, by establishing government control over the wildlife sector through the National Parks and Wildlife Act, UNIP used wildlife to reward its followers. The UNIP government distributed jobs, game meat and trophies to supporters, and only selectively enforced the Act's provisions." en_US
dc.subject wildlife en_US
dc.subject rules en_US
dc.subject democracy en_US
dc.subject Workshop en_US
dc.title Multiparty Democracy and Wildlife: Rules, Animals and Patronage in Zambia, 1964-1972 en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.country Zambia en_US
dc.subject.sector Wildlife en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Mini-Conference of the Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates April 29 and May 1,1995 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Workshop in Political Theory and Policy Analysis, Indiana University, Bloomington, IN en_US

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