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Assessing the Success of Community-Based Natural Resources Management through the Integration of Governance, Livelihood and Conservation Attitude Indicators: Case Studies from Caprivi, Namibia

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Collomb, Jean-Gael; Kanapaux, William; Mupeta, Patricia; Barnes, Grenville; Saqui, Jennie; Child, Brian
Conference: Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons
Location: Cheltenham, England
Conf. Date: July 14-18, 2008
Date: 2008
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1509
Sector: Social Organization
General & Multiple Resources
Region: Africa
Subject(s): resource management--case studies
Abstract: "This paper presents an ongoing interdisciplinary research effort to develop methodologies to measure the effectiveness of community- based natural resource management (CBNRM) in Namibian conservancies. Conservancies were created in Namibia in the mid 1990s in order to foster sustainable natural resources management and improve local livelihoods. Conceptually, CBNRM returns land and resource rights, including rights to wildlife, to people on communal lands to promote economic and ecological well-being through sustainable management. In practice, this is implemented through different configurations with a wide range of results. This paper uses two case studies, Wuparo and Mashi Conservancies, to analyze livelihood strategies, CBNRM governance, and local peoples attitudes. This study focuses on accountability and transparency as measures of governance. The two case studies examine these measures of governance in the context of livelihood strategies and attitudes toward wildlife, national parks, and conservancy management. Data was collected through household interviews and observation of governance processes in June-July 2007. Initial results show that even though institutional arrangements may be similar in the two conservancies, community governance varies. This has direct implications on the performance of the conservancy. Preliminary results also indicate differences in livelihood strategies and attitudes towards conservation, specifically as it relates to the conservancy and nearby national parks. These attitudes are more favorable in Wuparo than in Mashi. This could reflect differences in the age of the programs or in the ways that wildlife conservation has affected different livelihood strategies. In both conservancies, more can be done to strengthen institutional mechanisms for ensuring horizontal accountability."

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