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Institutional Arrangements for Common Property Fisheries Management: San Miguel Bay, Philippines

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Pomeroy, Robert S.; Samonte, Giselle P.; Sunderlin, William D.
Conference: Common Property in Ecosystems Under Stress, the Fourth Annual Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Manila, Philippines
Conf. Date: June 16-19, 1993
Date: 1993
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1540
Sector: Fisheries
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): fisheries
common pool resources
Abstract: "San Miguel Bay has recently (1992-1993) been restudied by an interdisciplinary research team from ICLARM under the auspices of the Fisheries Sector Program (FSP) of the Philippine Department of Agriculture. In order to provide a scientific/technical information base for the preparation and implementation of a management plan for San Miguel Bay under the FSP, a Resource and Ecological Assessment (REA) was conducted to document the conditions of the fisheries, including the ecological parameters and resource habitats of the Bay, and characteristics of fishers and fishing communities. The research has also evaluated the formal and informal institutional arrangements for resource management in the Bay. "The primary objective of this paper is to provide an update on the prevailing biophysical, social and economic conditions in the Bay, with an emphasis on the institutional and organizational arrangements for fisheries management. The previous studies on San Miguel Bay have stressed the need for management, as well as the constraints to implementation of any comprehensive management strategy. Recent changes in public administration policy in the Philippines, which has devolved primary authority for nearshore fisheries management to local government units, provide a new institutional structure for fisheries management in the Bay. "The paper will begin with a profile of the biophysical and social conditions in the Bay. This will be followed by a summary of conclusions from the two previous studies on the Bay (early 1980s and 1986). The methodology for the current study will be described, followed by a discussion of current conditions. The institutional arrangements for management, both formal and informal, will be the focus of an examination of resource use and implications for management."

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