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Fleet Concentration in an ITQ Fishery: A Case Study of the Southwest Nova Scotia Mobile Gear Fleet

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Wright, Ian; Apostle, Richard; Mazany, Leigh; McCay, Bonnie J.
Conference: Voices from the Commons, the Sixth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Berkeley, CA
Conf. Date: June 5-8, 1996
Date: 1996
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1569
Sector: Fisheries
Region: North America
Subject(s): IASC
Abstract: "In this paper, we examine what has happened to the mobile gear, or inshore groundfish dragger, fleet in Southwest Nova Scotia after the introduction of individual quotas in 1991. Our main objective is to provide a case study of one instance where an individual quota scheme was introduced and to examine whether concentration of effort has indeed taken place. In the next section, we provide a discussion of the fishery and the background to the implementation of an individual transferable quota system in the fishery. In the third section, we analyze how ownership of the quota has changed over four years. For the first two years of the program, quotas could only be transferred on a temporary (one-year) basis. In the third year, transfers were allowed to be permanent, although temporary transfers were also allowed. In this section, we use standard measures of concentration to see how the effective ownership of quota has changed over time. In the fourth section, we make use of key informant information to analyze a 'true' ownership of the quota and its effect on concentration. As might be expected, information on the 'true' ownership of a quota indicates concentration is higher than what is shown by the standard concentration indices. In either case, however, the evidence is that there has been an increase in concentration of ownership of quota over the four years. The final section contains our conclusions and summary."

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