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Traditional Institution and the Institutional Choice: Two CPR Self-Governing Cases of Atayal Tribe in Taiwan Indigenes

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Kuan, Da-Wei
Conference: Joining the Northern Commons: Lessons for the World, Lessons from the World
Location: Anchorage
Conf. Date: August 17-21, 2003
Date: 2003
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1616
Sector: Land Tenure & Use
Region: East Asia
Subject(s): IASC
indigenous institutions
land tenure and use
common pool resources
new institutionalism
institutional analysis
Abstract: "The sovereignty of land and natural resources of Taiwan indigenous people have been seriously challenged by the expansion of state power and capitalistic market economy since 19th century. Consequently, many indigenous communities have made efforts to adjust to and negotiate with modern institutions. This article analyses the logic of the lapse of indigenes land tenure, and examines two common pool resource (CPR) self-governing cases, which Atayal communities seek to manage by collective action for collective interest. Furthermore, drawing from neo-institutional economic perspective, this article discusses both how the internal institution affects the solidarity of communities and the derivation of Gaga, a traditional institution of Atayal tribe. In spite of the fact that the formal organization of Gaga no longer exists, its Meta rule leads to the formation of social constraints then affects the institutional choice. In the end, this article suggests that the reform of land tenure institution support CPR self-governing in indigenous areas, which will diminish the conflicts emerging from the interaction between state power and capitalistic market economy."

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