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The Effect of Internal Human Conflicts on Forest Conservation and Sustainable Development in Kenya

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Ongugo, Paul; Mogoi, Jephine; Obonyo, Emily; Oeba, Vincent
Conference: Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons
Location: Cheltenham, England
Conf. Date: July 14-18, 2008
Date: 2008
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/1650
Sector: Social Organization
Region: Africa
Subject(s): sustainability
forest management
community forestry
Abstract: "Sustainable management of forest resources in Kenya will only be possible if we practice good governance of the forest resources; which calls for the respect for the rule of law, respect for human rights, a willingness to give space and a voice to the weak and the more vulnerable in our society; that we respect the voice of the minority, even while accepting the decision of the majority; and, respect diversity. "The Mount Elgon, Mau, Tugen and Gathiuru (Mt. Kenya) among other forests have witnessed a wave of conflicts among the communities themselves mainly due to population pressure and with forest regulators which have not only affected the conservation of the forest resource but also the livelihoods of the forest adjacent communities. "Studies carried out by the IFRI program in 14 forests indicate the wave of conflicts have led to incidences of forest destruction through often illegal activities by forest adjacent communities were recorded leading to degradation of the forest resources and loss of biodiversity. "The studies concluded that there was need to involve members of communities in direct dialogue and eventual participation in managing the forests to not only sustain their livelihoods but to also contribute to the general development of the area and the country as a whole. The study further recommends the adoption of Participatory principles and their application in natural resource management. This would create a sense of ownership of the forests and other natural resources."

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