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Ecological and Social Monitoring of Protected Areas in an Era of Globalization

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dc.contributor.author Durrant, Jeffrey O. en_US
dc.contributor.author Durrant, Marie B. en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:20Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:20Z
dc.date.issued 2002 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-11-06 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2002-11-06 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/172
dc.description.abstract "Conservation strategies based on the designation of Protected Areas (PAs) are increasing in popularity worldwide, however the concept of PAs is also encountering growing criticism over an apparent lack of consideration for or awareness of local people and their interactions with the natural environment. Criticism of traditional PA establishment and management has led to attempts at more 'people centered' conservation approaches, such as Integrated Conservation and Development Programs that incorporate local people into conservation policy and management and link PA conservation programs to local economic and social initiatives. "Recently these people centered approaches have come under an attack of their own by critics who believe that these programs have either not worked (the goal being the preservation of biodiversity) or their reported successes have not been supported by data from ecological monitoring. This paper argues that in order to more effectively and realistically analyze policies and management projects involving local people and PAs, there is a need not only for sound ecological monitoring but also for social monitoring which provides data on the social consequences and changes connected to specific conservation strategies and PAs. Rigorous monitoring programs involving multiple techniques of data collection (from ecological field work to household surveys to in-depth interviews to remote sensing) will provide the type of comprehensive data necessary to analyze trends in and around PAs resulting from human and ecological change at the local, regional, and global level. "Two case studies the Colorado Plateau's San Rafael Swell in the USA, and the southeastern slope of Tanzania's Mount KilimanjaroBare utilized to demonstrate both the need for a broader range of data in analyzing the integration of local people into PA conservation and how multiple techniques provide data useful for understanding both ecological and social events and their association with specific outcomes in conservation strategies and PAs. These research strategies improve understanding not only at the local level but also at national and international levels. By using multiple research techniques for ecological and social monitoring, the way in which local-level issues are linked to globalization and other macro forces can be understood within a fuller context and broader conception of the conservation situation." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources--comparative analysis en_US
dc.subject protected areas en_US
dc.subject conservation--policy en_US
dc.subject participatory management--case studies en_US
dc.subject research--methodology en_US
dc.subject globalization en_US
dc.title Ecological and Social Monitoring of Protected Areas in an Era of Globalization en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Africa en_US
dc.coverage.region North America en_US
dc.coverage.country United States, Tanzania en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference The Commons in an Age of Globalisation, the Ninth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates June 17-21, 2002 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe en_US
dc.submitter.email jerwolfe@indiana.edu en_US

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