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Land Tenure, Access to Resources, and Food Security in the Amazon Estuary

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dc.contributor.author Siqueira, Andréa D. en_US
dc.contributor.author Murrieta, Rui S. S. en_US
dc.contributor.author Brondizio, Eduardo en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:41:28Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:41:28Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-11-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-11-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2003
dc.description.abstract "Competing paradigms of rural development and food security often focus on collective versus private resource management while overlooking the combination of both strategies as part of contemporary adaptation to socioeconomic and land tenure changes taking place in many parts of the world. Drawing from examples of the Brazilian Amazon, this paper looks at how different strategies of food production (swidden and mechanized agriculture, fishing, hunting, agroforestry) are constrained by different land tenure systems, and in turn, how these arrangements affect food security of Caboclo populations in the Amazonian estuary. Caboclosnon-Indian population of the Brazilian Amazon have developed a diversified economy based on fishing, hunting, slash-and- burn, agroforestry, and the extraction and commercialization of forest products as well as trade and off-farm jobs. This paper focuses on three Caboclo populations differentiated by land tenure and land use systems (small owners, sharecroppers and cooperativists, respectively). The population of small owners presents a characteristic pattern of Caboclo economy marked by a diversified land use. The population of sharecroppers has specialized on a palm fruit (açai) agroforestry management, while the population of cooperative members has based their economy on mechanized agriculture and pasture. Food intake surveys were collected at the level of household in 1991 and 1994, rainy and dry seasons, using the 24-hour recall method during seven days each. Quantities of food consumed were converted into energy and protein values and compared to FAO/WHO guidelines for calculating the recommended allowance for energy intake and safe level of protein consumption. Food surveys included information on the types of food and quantities consumed within the household, its preparation, as well as their origins (household production, exchange, market acquisition). Consumed food items were also divided according to their sources: family plots (manioc, palm fruit, and vegetables), collective fields (rice and beans), forest (fruits, game, oils), and rivers (fish and shrimp). Our data shows that among the study populations like many other Amazonian populations, urban and rural alikesources of protein (often from open access areas) are more abundant than sources of energy (often from private holdings and/or market). Fish and shrimp are the main source of daily protein intake, while manioc flour and palm fruit are the main source of energy. Game plays a lesser importance on the total protein intake. This paper discusses that no single land use and acquisition strategy provide sufficient grounds for food security. A combination of acquisition strategies (from open access areas and private holdings) seem to dominate in this area independently of tenure system." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject agroforestry en_US
dc.subject food supply en_US
dc.subject consumption en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.title Land Tenure, Access to Resources, and Food Security in the Amazon Estuary en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.subject.sector Agriculture en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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