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Property Rights and Natural Resource Management: Equitable Water Distribution Using Indigenous Technology in a Farmers Managed Irrigation System in Nepal

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Pariyar, Bishnu; Snell, Carolyn; Lovett, Jon C.
Conference: Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons
Location: Cheltenham, England
Conf. Date: July 14-18, 2008
Date: 2008
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2035
Sector: Social Organization
Water Resource & Irrigation
Region: Middle East & South Asia
Subject(s): property rights
common pool resources
indigenous institutions
water management
Abstract: "Agency interventions for technological fixes and performance improvement as the most effective policy tool for irrigation management continue to produce counterintuitive and counterproductive results. Technological innovations designed and installed by local farmers using locally available materials can be a powerful tool for equitable water distribution and improve performance of resource base. Using a case study method, the paper demonstrates that Farmers Managed Irrigation System (FMIS) using local resources can consolidate indigenous knowledge bases and help strengthen institutional robustness for irrigation management. Results from the study indicate that while farmers have achieved equality across the landholding sizes, spatial inequality continues to be a challenge. The paper argues that property right structure created by local initiatives help reduce asymmetries of interests and endowments amongst irrigators which in turn help foster incentives to contribute to infrastructure maintenance."

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