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Commons and Protected Areas in Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Diegues, Antonio Carlos en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:42:32Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:42:32Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2118
dc.description.abstract "Conflicts between traditional communities and environmentallly protected areas became one of the main social issues in nature conservation in tropical countries. In Brazil, protected areas, of different types and under different administrations today cover over 600,000 km2, an area larger than many European countries. Inside most of the strictly protected areas such as national parks there are traditional communities, belonging to various sub-cultures such as Indians, 'Caiçaras,' living along the southeastern coast, river communities and 'Seringueiros' (rubber-tappers) who are continuously threatened with expulsion and suffering from the legal constraints related to their traditional activities such as shifting agriculture, fishing, and forest extractivism. In fact, many communities associated with these activities were physicallly expelled and are now living inside slums (favelas). "Many of these communities have developed common property systems in areas where forest extractivism, traditional agriculture, and cattle raising are practiced. As these lands were declared state property through the establishment of national parks and other protected areas, commoners have been deprived of access to their 'commons.' The expulsion and threats regarding traditional communities became even more absurd as Brazil signed the Biodiversity Convention through which countries are called to respect the traditional knowledge and management practices of these communities and to share with them any commercial uses of their knowledge. "This paper analyses the causes and consequences of the application of a conservation model imported from Northern countries and suggests the need for a different approach to conservation in tropical countries that could be called ethno-conservation." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject protected areas en_US
dc.subject conflict en_US
dc.subject indigenous institutions en_US
dc.subject parks en_US
dc.subject property rights en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.title Commons and Protected Areas in Brazil en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Brazil
dc.subject.sector Land Tenure & Use en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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