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Changing Ownership and the System of Property Rights in Latvia: Restitution and Privatization -- Legal, Economical and Political Issues

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Type: Conference Paper
Author: Zile, R.
Conference: Reinventing the Commons, the Fifth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property
Location: Bodoe, Norway
Conf. Date: May 24-28, 1995
Date: 1995
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10535/2148
Sector: Land Tenure & Use
Region: Former Soviet Union
Subject(s): IASC
common pool resources
property rights
land tenure and use
privatization
agriculture
Abstract: "Problems and approaches in legislation of changes ownership and property rights in Latvia has been caused by political, legal and economical reasons, which were rather different from other Central and Eastern Europe countries (renovation of state de jure , the lowest ratio of native nation in the population of country among CEE countries). That is the reason, why, before analyses of current changes in ownership and property rights in Latvia, is necessary short return in history. "Main facts of historical changes in ownership and property rights on natural resources are following: - after first independence of the Republic of Latvia in 1918, reforms on land ownership had been based on nationalization of parts of the large scale landlord property and its distribution and selling to new farmers (the old farms were usually larger in size, for their history reaches as far back as the end of the 19th century)1; - from 1920 to 1937 was implemented the land reform during that decision-makers also got suggestions to make a changes in property rights which have been finalized in accepted Civil Law; - after occupation of Latvia in 1940 all land was nationalized, property rights determinated by Soviet legislation; - 1949-1950 total collectivization (after it even land use rights under private farming was not allowed; - till 1990 have been made lot of natural transformation of land (including new building on it), forest, water, which created additional difficulties for carrying out of the restitution; - from 1990 Latvia started ownership and property rights reforms."

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