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Commons and Community Management: The Case of Mamangua, Brazil

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dc.contributor.author Viana, Virgíllio en_US
dc.contributor.author Nolasco, Adriana en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:44Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:44Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/235
dc.description.abstract "The challenge for alternatives to counter the prevailing processes that lead to deforestation in Brazilian tropical rainforests has been a matter of intense debate over the last few decades. A number of innovative development projects have been implemented, many of which have shown us that there are important lessons to be learned. However, these lessons have rarely been analyzed on academic fora, incorporated into the scientific literature, and incorporated in the process of formulating public policies. "This paper seeks to present a case study of an extractivist communities in the Municipality of Paraty, in the Brazilian State of Rio de Janeiro. These communities live inside two protected areas that overlap. They are descendants of Portuguese settlers that have mixed with Indian and African populations over the past centuries. Comunal property rights are not formally recognized. Most activities are related to native ecossystems, marine and terrestrial. We focus our analysis on forest ecossystems. Our objective is to use this case study to discuss the importance of local knowledge in implementing community development projects in areas where communal property rights prevail in tropical rainforest areas. Our thesis is that local knowledge is a critical element in the process of implementing sustainable development strategies. "Local knowledge is a critical element to secure communal property rights. This includes demarcation of land rights using maps and developing sound management systems. Maps offer a concrete reference to claim land tenure. Sound management systems are critical to argue that these communities can harvest forest products on a sustainable basis. There are a number of benefits for community development projects derived from incorporating local knowledge in the process of project design and implementation, including: (i) quality of information, (ii) speed to obtain information, (iii) cost of information, (iv) impacts on empowerment, (v) rights, (vi) illegal control of harvest of natural resources by external groups, (vii) enhancing self confidence, (vii) identification of problems and potentials, and (viii) strengthening social organizations. Many benefits observed in this case seem to be of general validity for similar situations where traditional communities live in tropical forest areas." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject forest management en_US
dc.subject local knowledge en_US
dc.subject sustainability en_US
dc.subject community development en_US
dc.subject land tenure and use en_US
dc.subject rain forests en_US
dc.title Commons and Community Management: The Case of Mamangua, Brazil en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.coverage.region South America en_US
dc.coverage.country Brazil
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.subject.sector Information & Knowledge en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US

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