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Cross-Scale Institutional Linkages: Perspectives from the Bottom Up

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dc.contributor.author Berkes, Fikret en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:45:04Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:45:04Z
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2001-07-02 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2387
dc.description.abstract "How do national and international-level institutions affect the capabilities of local users to govern and manage local resources? The question reflects the practical reality that local commons institutions are embedded in and affected by regional, national and global influences. There seem to be two broad categories of influences. First, decisions and developments in the outside world affect the local use of resources. Second, national governments and other national-level organizations are making commitments to manage international and global commons that obligate them to influence the actions of local resource users. This paper is mainly about the first category of influences, (1) understanding how higher-level institutions affect local institutions, and (2) identifying promising institutional forms for cross-scale linkages. "The commons literature is full of examples of destructive state intervention, such as excessive centralization, as found in many parts of Africa, which has stifled existing local institutions and prevented self-organization. However, the literature also contains many examples in which the state has created enabling legislation or has otherwise facilitated the development of local-level institutions. A literature has developed also on forms of institutions with potential for cross-scale linkages. One of these forms is co-management, linking local-level institutions with the government level. A second is multistakeholder bodies. A third is institutions oriented for development, empowerment and co-management (examples: CANARI in St. Lucia, West Indies; number of NGOs in Bangladesh). A fourth is the class of institutions for linking local users with regional agencies (example: epistemic communities leading to the Mediterranean Action Plan). A fifth concerns research and management approaches that enable cross-scale linkages (examples: adaptive management and participatory rural appraisal). Finally, a sixth is the emerging class of institutions for 'citizen science' (examples: watershed associations in Minnesota, USA; Peoples Biodiversity Registers, India)." en_US
dc.language English en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.subject common pool resources en_US
dc.subject co-management--theory en_US
dc.subject institutional analysis en_US
dc.subject local participatory management en_US
dc.subject NGOs en_US
dc.subject resource management--policy en_US
dc.subject decision making en_US
dc.subject influence en_US
dc.title Cross-Scale Institutional Linkages: Perspectives from the Bottom Up en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.subject.sector General & Multiple Resources en_US
dc.subject.sector Global Commons en_US
dc.subject.sector Theory en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Constituting the Commons: Crafting Sustainable Commons in the New Millennium, the Eighth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Common Property en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates May 31-June 4 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Bloomington, Indiana, USA en_US
dc.submitter.email hess@indiana.edu en_US


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