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Mangrove Utilisation and Implications for Participatory Forest Management, South Africa

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Traynor, Catherine Helen; Hill, Trevor
Journal: Conservation and Society
Volume: 6
Date: 2008
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2414
Sector: Forestry
Region: Africa
Subject(s): CBRM
forest products
Abstract: "South African rural coastal communities have utilised mangrove products for generations. However, the factors determining use are poorly understood and utilisation is rarely acknowledged in natural resource management. Since the post-apartheid government came to power in 1994, there has been a paradigm shift in government forest policy, and Participatory Forest Management (PFM) has been selected to implement these changes. This study was initiated to determine the utilisation of mangrove products, locally available alternatives and the implications for PFM. Combinations of methods were employed, including a participatory walk, group discussions, observation and semi-structured interviews. The main use of mangroves was for construction of buildings, with Bruguiera gymnorrhiza and Rhizophora mucronata being preferred. Diameters of stems selected for construction were approximately between 5-7 cm for poles and 2-3 cm for laths. Indigenous and exotic woods, and mud and sand blocks were also used for construction of buildings. PFM should include a plan for the sustainable utilisation of man-groves. The plan should be guided by national legislation and address the biology of the mangrove spe-cies. The plan should include livelihood issues and should in the long term promote the use of alternative construction materials to mangroves, and should enhance the non-consumptive value of the mangrove ecosystem."

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