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Between Bolivar and Bureaucracy: The Mesoamerican Biological Corridor

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Grandia, Liza
Journal: Conservation & Society
Volume: 5
Date: 2007
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2500
Sector: Social Organization
General & Multiple Resources
Region: South America
Central America & Caribbean
Subject(s): biodiversity
indigenous institutions
Abstract: "This article explores how the different elements of the Mesoamerican Biological Corridor (MBC) may not be so naturally united as implied by this slogan. I trace the history and evolution of this conservation corridor from its roots in the Central American environment movement to its transformation by the World Bank into a vague bureaucratic framework. The shift to embrace green neoliberalism, in turn, has served to mask threats to biodiversity from three other more powerful economic corridors being simultaneously constructed in the Mesoamerican region, namely: (1) the Puebla to Panama Plan, (2) Mundo Maya, and (3) the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA). I conclude by describing some lost opportunities for indigenous and bottom-up environmental initiatives to suggest what a Bolivarian alternative might have been before the MBC became bureaucratised by transnational conservation interests."

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