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Regenerating Wastelands Through Cooperatives: Experience of Tree Growers' Cooperatives in Rajasthan, India

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dc.contributor.author Saigal, Sushil en_US
dc.contributor.author Ram Dahal, Ganga en_US
dc.contributor.author Vira, Bhaskar en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2009-07-31T14:28:56Z
dc.date.available 2009-07-31T14:28:56Z
dc.date.issued 2008 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-19 en_US
dc.date.submitted 2008-11-19 en_US
dc.identifier.uri https://hdl.handle.net/10535/268
dc.description.abstract "Over the past few decades, there has been an upsurge of interest in community-based approaches to simultaneously address environment and development concerns. Within forestry, these are commonly referred to as community-based forest management (CBFM). CBFM grew rapidly in the past couple of decades and by 2004 there were an estimated 370 million hectares of forests under CBFM. Although the area under CBFM has increased steadily, there has also been a growing debate over its efficacy. "This paper assesses the impact of one CBFM model--Tree Growers' Cooperative Society (TGCS)--employed for establishing and managing fuelwood and fodder plantations on village commonlands (revenue wastelands). It is based on fieldwork conducted in three TGCSs in the Ajmer district of the state of Rajasthan in India. The data was collected through household questionnaire survey, semi-structured interviews, and analysis of TGCS records. "The three TGCSs have been operational for over 15 years and have survived for the past 10 years without any external support. The tree plantations raised by the TGCSs over leased commonlands have also survived. This shows that it is possible for the local communities to manage tree resources and regenerate degraded village commonlands through collective effort, provided there is security of tenure. While the economic and ecological impacts of the TGCSs have been positive, these have been rather limited due to degraded condition of the leased lands and lack of adequate rainfall in the past several years. The social impact of the TGCSs has also been positive though there seems to be limited involvement of most members in running their affairs. A number of factors such as security of tenure, institutional framework, choice of species, role played by the facilitating agency, and rapidly changing external environment have shaped the outcomes of the TGCSs. The study also highlights strengths and weaknesses of the cooperative model for managing common pool natural resources such as commonland tree plantations. One of the major contributions of the TGCSs has to been to preserve the village commonlands in an environment where these are being gradually privatised--legally or illegally." en_US
dc.subject CBRM en_US
dc.subject community forestry en_US
dc.subject trees en_US
dc.subject cooperatives en_US
dc.subject plantations en_US
dc.subject wastelands en_US
dc.subject IASC en_US
dc.title Regenerating Wastelands Through Cooperatives: Experience of Tree Growers' Cooperatives in Rajasthan, India en_US
dc.type Conference Paper en_US
dc.type.published unpublished en_US
dc.coverage.region Middle East & South Asia en_US
dc.coverage.country India en_US
dc.subject.sector Forestry en_US
dc.identifier.citationconference Governing Shared Resources: Connecting Local Experience to Global Challenges, the Twelfth Biennial Conference of the International Association for the Study of Commons en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfdates July 14-18, 2008 en_US
dc.identifier.citationconfloc Cheltenham, England en_US

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