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Eviction for Conservation: A Global Overview

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Type: Journal Article
Author: Brockington, Dan; Igoe, James
Journal: Conservation and Society
Volume: 4
Date: 2006
URI: https://hdl.handle.net/10535/2710
Sector: Social Organization
Land Tenure & Use
Subject(s): protected areas
Abstract: "Displacement resulting from the establishment and enforcement of protected areas has troubled relationships between conservationists and rural groups in many parts of the world. This paper examines one aspect of displacement: eviction from protected areas. We examine divergent opinions about the quality of information available in the literature. We then examine the literature itself, discussing the patterns visible in nearly 250 reports we compiled over the last two years. We argue that the quality of the literature is not great, but that there are signs that this problem is primarily concentrated in a few regions of the world. We show that there has been a remarkable surge of publications about relocation after 1990, yet most protected areas reported in these publications were established before 1980. This reflects two processes, first a move within research circles to recover and rediscover protected areas' murky past, and second stronger enforcement of existing legislation. We review the better analyses of the consequences of relocation from protected areas which are available and highlight areas of future research."

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